Ambien is one of the trade names of Zolpidem. This drug is intended for the treatment of insomnia. Its action is similar to that of benzodiazepines, but their molecular structures are different. As well as benzodiazepines, Ambien is addictive, which is why you may require the treatment of drug dependence.
Ambien is used for sleeping disorders, and as well as the other drugs for, it must not be used for a long time. This drug should be taken in the precise dosage and with interruptions.
One of the disadvantages of Ambien is its short half-life. Its effect reduces within two hours after the intake. You should take the drug in small doses (no more than 10mg) 3-5 days a week for up to three months for the treatment of insomnia. Daily use of Ambien can cause sleeping disorders that can aggravate insomnia.
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This effect can last up to 4 weeks.
The long-term use of this drug can cause to the development of tolerance, which may require additional treatment. Addiction can be defined by the need for increasing the dose to achieve the necessary effect.
Repeated or excessive use this drug can cause addiction, characterized by the constant desire of taking the drug despite knowing about it undesirable side effects.
The long-term use of Ambien can cause withdrawal syndrome with the following symptoms:
– muscle and stomach cramps
– shivering, tremor
– fear attacks
– seizures, convulsions
Symptoms of Ambien withdrawal are not so serious as those of benzodiazepines (which also include the life-threatening effects). At the same time, treatment of dependence must be conducted in the special treatment center to provide the patient’s safety.
The detoxification process of Ambien and benzodiazepines is very similar and consist in gradual dosage increase within several weeks or months, depending on the severity of disease and the duration of treatment. Another method is to prescribe similar drugs for replacement (such as chlordiazepoxide and diazepam). These drugs are the long-acting benzodiazepines, also used for the treatment of benzodiazepine addiction.
Dependence on Ambien caused by alcohol consumption can be treated by gradual dosage reduction and replacement of benzodiazepines, while diazepam and chlordiazepoxide are intended for the treatment of alcohol addiction and withdrawal syndrome.
Diazepam is suitable for the treatment of Ambien withdrawal syndrome as it has long half-life and is effective in small doses, which facilitates its gradual reduction. Patients addicted to Ambien often slow to start the treatment due to fear withdrawal syndrome. It is possible to start the stationary detoxification program, which involves removing the drug from the body, using the antagonist. Flumazenil, the benzodiazepine antagonist, is often used in this program, and also in case of overdose of benzodiazepines. It can also minimize some adverse effects caused by benzodiazepine withdrawal.